IILM College of Engineering and Technology

IoT INTEGRATION FOR ILLNESS TO WELLNESS : A ROAD AHEAD

       

Health is one of the sectors that has the most to gain from technological development. IoT helps in reducing the risk of infecting health professionals   and saves protection material on routine basis. In the present circumstances numerous IoT applications helped in identifying, testing and curing the COVID 19 infected population where distance maintaining was the only solutions.

Building a sustainable medical infrastructure that responds sufficiently to both the qualitative and quantitative challenges of healthcare is very tedious. Ensuring health and medical facility to the population is absolutely difficult. Efficient use of technology can deliver approachable, susceptible, efficient, personalized health across all the boundaries of economic and social divide to patients at reasonable prices through user friendly gadgets and equipment.

IoT APPLICATIONS AND FUTURE:                                                                                                 

TELEMEDICINE  The definition of telemedicine is “providing healthcare services, from long distances by medical professionals using information and communication technologies. They share valid information for diagnosis, treatment of disease and injuries. Also, telemedicine is” for research, evaluation and continuing education of healthcare providers, so as to advancing the health of individuals and their communities”.

Portable Biomedical Data Acquisition and Transmission System has been indigenously developed and implemented to assist doctors in armed forces to seek expert opinion for any medical emergency at MI room in forward areas. This portable system include a laptop having the telemedicine application software, a hardware to acquire vital parameters of patients through the data acquisition system (DAS) and interfacing communication device. This system is able to communicate data on communication modes like Inmarsat – BGAN, SATCOM, radios etc. This complete system is best suitable for armed forces which further can be customized for civilian use.

The development of mobile tele-diagnosis system that will have capabilities for diagnostics and therapeutics can extend the “golden hour” of treatment for life saving of individuals. In the future, better telemedicine systems will be available as new advanced sensors, lab-on-chip, diagnostic algorithms and communications systems will be available.

BIOSENSORS

A biosensor is essentially an analytical device for detection of an analyte that combines a biological component with   physio-chemical detector.

Biosensors have a wide spectrum of diagnostic utilities.

Types of biosensors:

  1. Glucose sensors, bilirubin sensors, haemoglobin sensors, blood gas analysers,
  2. Lab on chip (LOC), hospital on chip (HOC), DNA / protein microarrays (in vitro) State-of-the-art miniaturized biosensors (LOC, HOC), especially with respect to point of care systems (POCT), are an immediate need of the hour. LOC is a device that integrates one or several laboratory functions on a single chip of dimensions ranging from a few millimetres to a few square centimetres.

Advancements in material science MEMS and nanotechnology will create unique POCT features for the daily requirements of doctors for early and accurate diagnosis. By 2035, Indian government would also look forward for bring such technologies.

ROBOTICS IN MEDICINE AND SURGERY

Medical robotics is the term includes a number of devices that is used in surgery, medical training, rehabilitation therapy and assisting people with different disabilities.The use of Robotics in surgery has the following advantages

a) Precision and repeatability
b) ability to operate in a contained space inside the human body
c) for surgeries of heart, brain, spinal cord, throat and knee.

Robotics is also being used in critical care because it avoids direct contact with human body and improves accuracy of diagnosis. Developments in electronic and mechanical technologies results in new robotic systems to find, spot, judge, nurse and rescue battlefield casualties under hostile conditions. They are:

  1. Telepresence Surgery System (TESS).
  2. Enhanced-Dexterity Surgical Hand.
  3. Miniature Laparoscopic Gripper.

E- textiles

Biomedical textiles using gadgets such as sensors, receptors etc send signals regarding biomedical parameters. Pulse, blood pressure and glucose levels from patients are sent to remote sensing devices. These devices translate and transmit these inputs to a central medical/ health care facility located at a distance.  There Specialists can study and interpret these signals and monitor treatment and health status of the patient. They can advise through e-mail/ telephone/ video-conference.

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