IILM College of Engineering and Technology

Modular Construction and Industry 4.0

The implementation of Industrial Revolution  4.0 within the Construction Industry would drive the industry’s performance to match with their industry counterparts such as the manufacturing and automotive industry. Industry 4.0 has already been in the construction industry and the technologies are on different levels of maturity. Technologies such as BIM, Cloud Computing, and Modularization have developed significantly while other technologies such as Augmented, Virtual and Mixed Reality are still being enhanced and somehow influence the sustainability in the industry. The future of this new technology has permanently changed the way construction businesses operate and evolving market demands are forcing the industry to become more connected, dynamic and customer centric.

Civil engineering and construction organisations need to develop new business models that take advantage of these opportunities and minimise risks as for Example: Modular construction, it  will reduce cost and lead time using technology. Everything from bridges to homes will be modular built, and customised by configuration of modules.” Meanwhile the Internet of Things will give owners more information on the condition of their assets – allowing contractors to maintain structures more efficiently and proactively.“Sensors can measure temperatures to operate air conditioning but also look at the vitality of the building. Is there any ingress of water, for example? Brown agrees that sensors and the Internet of Things will also play a big role in the future industry.“A lot of construction components already have sensors on them, so it’s not a stretch to think that there will be further information generated by a larger number of mechanisms on assets on site.” This will inform a much smarter approach – predictive maintenance rather than traditional planning regimes.

Contemporary Studies of Civil Engineering with Futuristic Technology

Civil engineering is on the way of major transition in upcoming futures due to advancement in technology.  Gone are the days, when this core engineering was focused on smart materials and energy-efficient buildings. But, in recent times, civil engineers are placing more emphasis on computer vision, BIM, virtual reality, sustainability, IoT, and 3D printing technologies etc. Here is a compilation of some latest trends in civil engineering.Civil engineering is on the way of major transition in upcoming futures due to advancement in technology.  Gone are the days, when this core engineering was focused on smart materials and energy-efficient buildings. But, in recent times, civil engineers are placing more emphasis on computer vision, BIM, virtual reality, sustainability, IoT, and 3D printing technologies etc. Here is a compilation of some latest trends in civil engineering.

1. Internet of Things (IoT): It will be capable of recording data such as variations in concrete humidity, vibrations, chloride content, and even abnormal deformations. It is one of the latest upcoming technologies that will give rise to smart cities and improve the quality of life of its inhabitants.

2. 3D Printing:  Demand for 3D printing in construction and civil engineering industry in a big way. 3D printing can turn engineering designs like bridge and home into scale models or even real components required for building construction. Without any doubt, this is one of the most exciting upcoming trends in civil engineering.

3. Robotics: we can expect to see robots taking over the mundane tasks in construction and civil engineering in the future, Last year, civil engineering industry tasted success with much iteration of bricklaying robots that illustrated efficiency by building walls six times faster than human workers!

4. Drones: Drones effortlessly access hazardous sections of the construction and collect data from large areas in a matter of minutes. This technology has allowed surveyors to get the job done without risking life and limb.

5. BIM: Building Information modeling, provide engineers a chance to visualize completed designs at the onset, the design process is poised to be cost-efficient and more streamlined in the future.

Department of Civil Engineering, IILM CET Greater Noida is pre-ready for such kind of challenges in changing scenario and facilitating such technology for futuristic engineering.

With best Wishes!
Ranjan Kumar
Assistant Professor
Civil Engineering Department

Futuristic Scope of Civil Engineering in 2020s

In the current decade, Demonetization, RERA, and GST behaved like a Tsunami in the construction industry, and due to this, the market has changed very dramatically, that desperate the core sectors like Civil Engineering.  Loss of jobs, unavailability of labor, less new project launches, unable to complete projects, unavailability of funds with the companies, etc. Such kind of incidence especially for the construction industry created a bit confusing to the people, and they started chanting that, Civil Engineering is died now, and can never be lifted again in future. But the fact is different in the upcoming decades. The future is likely to be very different from what we have now.
When we see the  recent schemes initiated by the Government, like  Housing for all, 100 Smart City, Namami Ganga project, bullet train project , highway projects , Setu  Bharatam project, Inland waterways, Rashtriya Rajmarg Zila Sanjoyokta Pariyojna, Chardham Highway project, Sagarmala project, Bharstmala project, Regional Rapid Transit System (RRTS), reflection is entirely different and it will look like an era of Civil Engineers, that already had at the beginning of the developing year. The problem is only that, the civil engineering industry traditionally slower than other industries to adopt new technologies, and it will take some time to skip from stagnation.
So, Upcoming decades of the 2020s are so bright for Civil Engineers due to high demand and construction of structures for making buildings, dams, canals, tunnels, bridges, railway, airports and other things. As per the information from labor industry, the year 2020 will have a maximum number of retirements in the Government organizations like PWD, Irrigation and hence there would be a lot of opportunities in this sector for fresher’s too.
Ranjan Kumar
Assistant Professor
Civil Engineering Department

Light Pollution: Why a Future Challenge?

Light pollution occurs due to the excessive use of light. Within the whole world, caused by several factors like daylight lighting, light is heavily demanded by citizens to reduce crime or by shop owners to attract customers or to explore the night life options or many more. Like indirect lighting techniques, such as illuminating a vertical wall to bounce light onto the ground and incorrect choice of fixtures or light bulbs, which do not direct light into areas as needed, it may generate confusion and distract the night drivers from obstacles (including those that they may be intended to illuminate). Thus, light pollution also leads to the accident, astronomy study and as well as disturbance for the natural ecosystem.

The major adverse effect of light pollution is on astronomy and it is very sensitive because the night sky viewed from a city bears no resemblance to what can be seen from dark skies to study about the stars and planet. It may be distarct the astronomer to predict the incidence in the sky, maybe lead the calculation error that exactly it should have, so it will adversly affect the research.

Bright and/or badly shielded lights around roads may contribute to the road accidents. The unusual light on the roadside that is using for beautification can be scattered on the eye of the driver causes unsafe driving conditions to lead to accidental cases.

Some species of spiders and insects avoid light areas and they can find the food and having reproduction in the dark night only. Since lamp posts attract many flying insects that affect to find food for such species and affect the food webs can be disturbed the biodiversity. This does not only affect the species but also some birds who can also find their path in sunlight only, create an illusion between artificial light and sunlight. These unusual burning of light especially in an urban area, may confuse them, and these birds start flying in the night and divert their path and may die. Such thing impacts directly on biodiversity of the global environment.

So, we can see due to the rapid urbanization and advanced urbanized culture, the alteration of natural light levels in the outdoor environment owing to artificial light, there occurs an adverse effect on health, food chain, psychology, biodiversity and of course on astronomy. It unnecessary and extra usage invariably disturbs ecosystems.
This makes a valid dense for us to look into the matter in detail and try our best at individual level, community level to switch off the lights when not required. That’s the reason we need to save our environment because “Today’s wastage is tomorrow’s shortage”.

Mr. Ranjan Kumar
Assistant Professor
Civil Engineering Department
IILM College of Engineering and Technology
Greater Noida
www.iilmcet.ac.in