IILM College of Engineering and Technology

Genetically Modified Plant: Tomorrows plant,Designer plant

Some ten thousand years ago started which we call today- the Neolithic Revolution, was probably more a lengthy evolution than a revolution. At that time, human behavior had changed from hunting and gathering culture to an agriculture-based culture. Till the 19th century, agriculture and agriculture-related products were sufficient to meet the human requirements. By the 1960s, hunger and malnutrition were widespread, especially in Asia. By 2050 there will be another 2 billion mouths to feed. Rapid urbanization, industrial expansion, soil erosion, and climate changes lead to lesser productivity or low per capita production. Biotechnology provides a sustainable solution to these problems. The conceptualization of genetic engineering and the development of genetically modified plants have paved the way to counter the problem which arises due to the factors which are beyond the control of mankind.

There is enough scientific evidence that the application of genetic modification does not inherently increase or decrease the risk associated with an organism. It is now almost four decades since Genetically Modified (GM) crops were first grown commercially. Initially, GM rice (Golden rice) was successfully developed and commercialized. But the only substantial way that biotechnology has contributed to the well-being of the hungry is through higher incomes from the production of GM cotton. Now a considerable percentage of GM crops rule all over the world particularly in the USA and European countries.

However, there are concerns raised by the public and the critics about their applications and release into the environment. These include an effect on human health and environment, biosafety, world trade monopolies, loss of individual choice, and ethics as well as doubts about the real potential of the genetically modified plants, and so on. Such concerns are enormous and prevalent even today.

Moreover, most concerns are hypothetical and lack scientific credibility, but some concerns are still not disproved. However, these genetically modified plants have great potential and with the help of proper management, these can be proved beneficial for the people of a country like India.

Biotechnology entrepreneurship: An Indian perspective

Biotechnology is the fastest growing and knowledge-training based sector in India and the world. This industry is expected to play a central role in shaping the economy of countries like India Biotechnology entrepreneurship is unique, as it is the effect of the sum of all the initiatives and activities which are important to build an enterprise by the amalgam of scientific and business disciplines. The role of the entrepreneur leader is to take an organization forward and create momentum and opportunity. The working potential and ethics are the core value of a leader which ultimately influence the long-term success of the company. The Biotech entrepreneur is also a risk-taking person, who can manage the unknown-unknowns, and having skills for problem-solving.

Potential in Biotech Industry

Indian Biotechnology industry registered over 5.0 billion USD in revenue during the year 2017-18, which makes India as a major player in this sector. More than 500 companies in India are actively engaging in Biotech-industry with having a share of 3% in the global biotechnology market. Among the various sectors, Biopharmaceuticals and services constitute around 80-85% share of the Indian market. During the year 2009-10, Bio agriculture recorded the highest growth rate because of the high demand for insect-resistant cotton (Bt cotton), and today is one of the major sectors with great opportunity and future. The biotech industry in India has seen several ups and downs, and now it is in a stable condition. It is said that biotech product formulation and ground research come from academia, and for this academic excellence is a much-needed thing.

Although the need for academic excellence is highly anticipated, the need for the hour is to provide safe, affordable, and trustworthy healthcare solutions, which can save the lives of millions of poor people in India. Here the role of Bioentrepreneurs comes, as the whole work needs a perfectly streamlined domain as it is a major challenge that India is currently facing. Moreover, every bio entrepreneur must understand the roots of the biotechnology sector which is a cluster of extensive research, diverse collaboration, good infrastructure, technology, and commercialization capital and come up with a novel or alternative business model to achieve success.

Abhinav Kumar
Dept of Biotechnology,
IILM-College of Engineering and Technology
Greater Noida

A Career in Biotechnology: Perception and Cognizance

Biotechnology is the broad area of biology, involving living systems and organisms to develop or make products, or “any technological application that uses biological systems, living organisms, or derivatives thereof, to make or modify products or processes for specific use (UN Convention on Biological Diversity, Art. 2). To make it simpler, Biotechnology is a cluster knowledge of any field of Life Science with Technology, which helps humans to live a healthy life and enhance the scientific aspire of a country.

Our country India is home to nearly 135 billion people and every year new job opportunities are coming for the young generation. The students with a combination of subjects PCB are under popular perception to opt Medical or Pharma as their career options, but these two fields are not the limit for them. There are several other opportunities, and Biotechnology is certainly one of them.

Biotechnology is a modern and interdisciplinary branch of science which is very popular among youngsters, the reason being:

OPPORTUNITY. ……. FORTUITY……PROBABLITY……SCOPE

It does not refer to a specific industry or job as applications of Biotechnology are vast and it paves the way to various industrial sectors like food, pharmaceutical, textiles, agriculture, animal husbandry, fermentation Industry; to name a few. The biggest advantage of choosing a career in Biotechnology

is the POTENTIAL to grow with no limits. The candidate with the right skill of Biotechnology can start their own business, they can create a product for public welfare with their innovative ideas and can be a HERO OF THE NATION. As a Biotechnology expert, a candidate will be able to improve various products related to agriculture and healthcare, which are core sectors of countries like India. Every country willing to export more finished products/goods, who doesn’t want to use the latest innovation? So, joining a world of technology (Bio-) having the essence of true Engineering with the sense of social responsibility can develop a new generation a true leader who can take forward any country to new heights.

Abhinav Kumar*

*abhibiot2k4@gmail.com/abhinav.kumar@iilmcet.ac.in

Dept of Biotechnology, IILM-College of Engineering and Technology, Greater Noida

ROLE OF LABORATORY PRACTICE IN ENGINEERING

Engineering is the branch of science and technology concerned with the design, building, and use of engines, machines, and structures. The laboratory is inseparable from engineering as former is the particular face where something is artfully designed. A laboratory is a place where students perform in action whatever they study in class. Students sense a shift from textbook learning to perform in action by using their current knowledge in the laboratory. As the term engineering indicates, it cannot be purely subjective Indeed students are expected to create something new thing based on what they studied in theory. It depends upon students how much accurate they design, analyze, and perform in the real world and laboratory are made for this purpose.

It is an active learning place where students work together in a team about a specific objective related to any problem to the society, make discussions, drawing maps which results in innovation. Designing, creativity, teamwork, data analysis, ethics, and effective communication are the pillars of a perfectly engineered product. It is the place where knowledge and skill react to create a fruitful engineered product. Designing is done on the nature of the problem or objective. Creativity is the factor which differentiates one student to the other. Here, teamwork is welcomed as every individual has a different brain or opinion or idea. Gentle discussions on everyone’s idea followed by selection and move forward with the selected idea take the overall procedure to the next step. Here, students are performing in the practical world by using their text knowledge. So, it is not incorrect to state that both laboratory and engineering classes should be in equilibrium for sound results.

Students design, create and build their creation which is a superb moral booster to them. To learn something in class and to enjoy the knowledge in real life are two different things which come close together by designing of the laboratory.
Dr. Abhinav Kumar Gupta
Department of Bio Technology

ROLE OF LABORATORY PRACTICE IN ENGINEERING

Engineering is the branch of science and technology concerned with the design, building, and use of engines, machines, and structures. The laboratory is inseparable from engineering as former is the particular face where something is artfully designed. A laboratory is a place where students perform in action whatever they study in class. Students sense a shift from textbook learning to perform in action by using their current knowledge in the laboratory. As the term engineering indicates, it cannot be purely subjective Indeed students are expected to create something new thing based on what they studied in theory.  It depends upon students how much accurate they design, analyze,   and perform in the real world and laboratory are made for this purpose.
It is an active learning place where students work together in a team about a specific objective related to any problem to the society, make discussions, drawing maps which results in innovation. Designing, creativity, teamwork, data analysis, ethics, and effective communication are the pillars of a perfectly engineered product. It is the place where knowledge and skill react to create a fruitful engineered product. Designing is done on the nature of the problem or objective. Creativity is the factor which differentiates one student to the other. Here, teamwork is welcomed as every individual has a different brain or opinion or idea. Gentle discussions on everyone’s idea followed by selection and move forward with the selected idea take the overall procedure to the next step. Here, students are performing in the practical world by using their text knowledge. So, it is not incorrect to state that both laboratory and engineering classes should be in equilibrium for sound results.

Students design, create and build their creation which is a superb moral booster to them. To learn something in class and to enjoy the knowledge in real life are two different things which come close together by designing of the laboratory.

Dr. Abhinav Kumar Gupta
Department of Bio-Technology

Let’s Know about Genetically Modified (GM) Crops

Genetic engineering has a wider application in the genetic modifications, and it paved the way in Biotechnology for the production of the first genetically modified plant ever produced in the year 1982. Interestingly it was an antibiotic-resistant tobacco plant. The first field trails occurred in France and the USA in 1986, using tobacco plant engineered for herbicide resistance. In 1987, the concept of Bacillus thuringiensis resistant plant comes into light. This was a revolutionary approach, in which genetically modified plants showed insect resistance in natural conditions. Now a day, several GM crops are available in developed countries. It is claimed by the breeders and farmers that there is a considerable increase in the production of major crops such as Soyabean, Maize, cotton etc.
The scientific community across the globe has proven that there is no/very less risk for human health. However, several societies/NGOs and communities have objected to GM Crop on grounds including environmental impact, food safety etc.

Currently, India has the world’s fourth largest area for GM crops, which surpasses China’s 3.0 million hectares (mh) and equaling that of Canada’s 11.6 mh. However, GM Cotton is the only genetically modified crop allowed in the country. In the year 2014, farmers in India planted a total area of 11.6 mh under transgenics, the first three spots were left for Argentina (24.3 mh), Brazil (42.2 mh) and the US (73.1 mh). Significantly, the entire 11.57 mh GM crop area in India during the 2016-2017 year consisted mostly of Bt cotton, most of which (about 96%) is now covered by Bt hybrids.

India has not witnessed any new entrant in the sector of GM based crop varieties after Bt Cotton and a fleeting appearance of Bt Brinjal. Many GM varieties are under different stages of development in different labs in India, but yet to mark a formal release. GM Mustard is the new GM crop in the block that has been cleared by the Genetic Engineering Approval Committee (GEAC), the biotech regulator in India under the Ministry of environment and forests with no any biosafety or public health concerns. However, beating the apprehensions and flaws, there still looks many ways to understand and grow our knowledge with respect to Bt crops.

#Department of Biotechnology #B.Tech Biotech #IILMCET #GMcrops

Dr. Abhinav Kumar
Assistant Professor- Biotech

Ms. Akansha Singh
Student Biotech 1st year