IILM College of Engineering and Technology

Cost-effective Hydroponics System – A techo-enabled sustainable solution for producing pollution free vegetables

IILM students are pioneer in research and development and thus, marking their presence at renowned platforms. This time Bio-tech students have shine –

Research project got selected by UPCST under “Students Engineering Research Project Scheme” under mentorship of Mr. Vikas Chandra Gupta and Dr. Meenu Singh of Department of Biotechnology, IILM-CET, Greater Noida to the final year BTech. Biotechnology student’s team having four members named Nikita Sharma, Divyani Pathak, Shristi Srivastva, Shakti Katsuriya.

During the monsoon season, the Yamuna river water floods the land and contaminants reach the soil. The vegetables growing in this soil absorb the contaminants. Vegetables grown in the flood plains namely — spinach, cauliflower, and radish were reported for the contaminants by an independent study of Delhi based research agency TERI. The concentration of heavy metals was found to be the highest in spinach, followed by cauliflower and the least in radish. A higher concentration of lead, nickel, and chromium was found in the bloodstream of the inhabitants on the Yamuna bank when compared with village women and children.

In order to counter growing concerns of consumption of vegetables with source based pollutant,  land availability, seasonality, high water consumption, and carbon emissions, Hydroponics system  offer a great alternative to traditional farming system with enhance yield and productivity. We aim to develop a commercial hydroponics system for growing vegetables in sustained manner.

Hydroponic cultivation, a current practice all over the world, is a method that permits good control of plant growth and development. However, maintaining optimal conditions for growth and development requires proper climate management and the use of well-balanced irrigation solutions that meet the mineral requirements of specific crops and cultivars. To avoid the build-up of toxins, mineral deficiencies, nutrition abnormalities, or the spread of disease, producers using the nutrient film technique (NFT) systems have been utilized and the same got to have a great result of excellent plant growth namely Tomato, Lettuce, Brinjal, Pumpkin, and capsicum.

In further to the primary studies the project is aimed at developing a large scale mass production of various vegetables fulfilling the local need of hygienic and pollution free agriculture produce.

 

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